Tag Archives: Caribbean

Whaling Commission Approves Hunting Quota to the U.S., Russia and San Vicente

 

The International Whaling Commission (IWC) today approved the renewal fee hunting whales for aboriginal subsistence for the U.S., Russia and the Caribbean island of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, after winning majority support of the countries present at the second full day in Panama City.

The CBI was forced for a second day to take the issue to a vote, because Latin America opposed, including in the joint proposal to St. Vincent and the Grenadines for its history of noncompliance with the requirements demanded by the organization itself.

However, the initiative promoted by the United States received the backing of 48 of the 61 countries present, including representatives of the so-called Group of Buenos Aires, including Mexico and Panama.

The proposal was rejected by 10 countries, two abstained and one voted no.

Representations of Argentina, Ecuador, Peru , Uruguay, Costa Rica and Colombia , after the vote, expressed their willingness to cooperate with authorities in St. Vincent and the Grenadines to overcome the objections raised by various sectors, including the scientific committee of the IWC.

Reportedly, the Caribbean country has given this committee a report on the number of whales taken or impacted, nor on the methods used to catch them.

Meanwhile, the World Society for the Protection of Animals said in a statement that St. Vincent and the Grenadines did not provide information that justifies being granted quota for whaling for aboriginal subsistence.

“It also incurred in the capture of whales with young mothers, violation of rules and welfare of these animals,” explained the document signed by the director of the Company, Marcela Vargas.

 

Latin America Faces Extensive Damage to Global Warming, Warns Bank

 

Latin America and the Caribbean will suffer annual damages of about 100,000 million dollars by the year 2050 due to declines in agricultural yields, floods, droughts and other events caused by global warming, warned by the study of Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

The annual cost of damage projected for the region associated with an increase of two degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels is equivalent to 2% of gross domestic product (GDP) at current rates. This was the report prepared by the IDB in collaboration with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

The document, entitled “The Climate Challenge and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean: Options for a low carbon development” emphasizes that the cost of investments in adaptation to cope with these impacts is much less, equivalent to 0.2% of GDP, according to a statement released IDB in Mexico City.

Additionally, adaptation actions can have significant benefits in terms of development, from food security to improve air quality and reducing traffic congestion and reducing the net cost of these activities, the study says.

“Investments in adaptation are cost-effective. Some of these adaptation measures are easy to apply and have substantial additional benefits,” said Luis Miguel Galindo, head of the Climate Change Unit of ECLAC, a key contributor to the report.

However, the report notes that while adaptation is important, investments are needed to slash emissions of greenhouse gases in the region, to avoid some of the potentially catastrophic consequences caused by climate change over time.

It is estimated that countries should make additional annual investments of 110,000 million dollars over the next four decades to reduce per capita carbon emissions to levels consistent with the objectives of stabilizing the global climate.

“Yes, the expenditure of 110,000 million dollars a year in a region facing huge development challenges is not a minor proposal,” said Paul Gutman, director of Environmental Economics at the WWF.

“However, we would obtain significant benefits such as improved energy security and food, and people would enjoy a better life in healthier environments,” he added.

In the long term, said Walter Vergara for his part, head of the Division of Climate Change and Sustainability IDB study’s lead researcher, “This is the surest way to ensure that Latin America and the Caribbean continue to prosper in a sustainable manner”.

The report will be circulated at the United Nations Summit for Sustainable Development to be held from 20 to 22 June in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.