Quito – The Government of Ecuador announced today the start of a process of investigation and preparation for the eventual emergence of ocean-atmosphere phenomenon, El Niño, which could occur in the last months of the year.
The National Secretariat for Risk Management (SNGR) explained that the specialized agencies and foreign nationals who study the phenomenon have warned that this year could present the anomaly with a weak to moderate intensity.
El Niño is a phenomenon that appears periodically in the central Pacific Ocean and is characterized by increased sea temperatures, leading to increased moisture reaching the mainland.
The phenomenon is presented as a warm current that runs zero parallel by the west to hit the mainland coasts of South America. The El Niño usually causes climate changes in the area, especially heavy rain, although its effects have reached other parts of the world.
The head of the SNGR, Maria del Pilar Cornejo, said at a press conference in the port city of Guayaquil, that they will advance the so-called “watching cruises,” running specialized institutions to investigate marine and atmospheric conditions in the coastal area of the country.
This research aims to clarify the magnitude of the event and the “potential impact” of the storms generated when it appears, Cornejo said.
“Normally these observations are made in September, but was held since July. We work because we can not handle the threat of this phenomenon, but we can manage the vulnerability” she said.
The secretary also highlighted the work of the Committee on Regional Study of El Niño (ERFEN), composed of delegates from Colombia , Ecuador, Peru and Chile, who provides specialized information on the phenomenon.
Cornejo recalled that last June 20, was held a meeting of the Regional Committee to analyze the probability of the El Niño and recommend to government to mitigate its negative impacts.
For his part, the head of the Department of Marine Sciences of Ecuador, Edwin Pinto, said that mid-July will begin a “periodic monitoring in the Galapagos Islands” and in the ocean that separates the continent, both surface and 500 meters deep.