Tag Archives: Ecuador

Ecuador Prepares for El Niño

 

Quito – The Government of Ecuador announced today the start of a process of investigation and preparation for the eventual emergence of ocean-atmosphere phenomenon, El Niño, which could occur in the last months of the year.

The National Secretariat for Risk Management (SNGR) explained that the specialized agencies and foreign nationals who study the phenomenon have warned that this year could present the anomaly with a weak to moderate intensity.

El Niño is a phenomenon that appears periodically in the central Pacific Ocean and is characterized by increased sea temperatures, leading to increased moisture reaching the mainland.

The phenomenon is presented as a warm current that runs zero parallel by the west to hit the mainland coasts of South America. The El Niño usually causes climate changes in the area, especially heavy rain, although its effects have reached other parts of the world.

The head of the SNGR, Maria del Pilar Cornejo, said at a press conference in the port city of Guayaquil, that they will advance the so-called “watching cruises,” running specialized institutions to investigate marine and atmospheric conditions in the coastal area of ​​the country.

This research aims to clarify the magnitude of the event and the “potential impact” of the storms generated when it appears, Cornejo said.

“Normally these observations are made in September, but was held since July. We work because we can not handle the threat of this phenomenon, but we can manage the vulnerability” she said.

The secretary also highlighted the work of the Committee on Regional Study of El Niño (ERFEN), composed of delegates from Colombia , Ecuador, Peru and Chile, who provides specialized information on the phenomenon.

Cornejo recalled that last June 20, was held a meeting of the Regional Committee to analyze the probability of the El Niño and recommend to government to mitigate its negative impacts.

For his part, the head of the Department of Marine Sciences of Ecuador, Edwin Pinto, said that mid-July will begin a “periodic monitoring in the Galapagos Islands” and in the ocean that separates the continent, both surface and 500 meters deep.

Lonesome George Dies

 

The “Lonesome George”, the iconic giant tortoise of the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador died childless after unsuccessful attempts to get it to reproduce, local authorities said Sunday.

The huge turtle, that is one of a kind and about 100 years, was found dead in his yard and the first reports is that it died due to heart failure.

“Today morning, the ranger in the care of turtles found the body of Lonesome George, who was motionless,” said the director of Galapagos National Park, Edwin Naula.

Scientists at the National Park searched for years and through various methods to obtain seed of the giant tortoise to preserve their species, but failed.

The reptile was found on Pinta Island in 1972, where it was believed that this turtle species was extinct.

It took nearly over four decades for the attempt to reproduce. Initially, it lived with two female tortoises from Wolf Volcano species with that were obtained. After 15 years together, the eggs were infertile.

Naula said the death was reportedly from a heart attack, but will have to wait for the results of an autopsy to confirm the causes of death of the animal, who during his life he was visited by thousands of tourists.

The body of “Lonesome George” will be embalmed and will remain in the Galapagos National Park.

In the Galapagos Islands, which formed the basis for the theory of evolution of species of British scientist Charles Darwin in the nineteenth century, inhabits a variety of types of turtles with flamingos, boobies, albatrosses and cormorants.

Ecuador Rapidly Loses Glaciers Due to Global Warming

Glaciers in Ecuador are reduced rapidly by global warming to the point that the area covered by ice on the Cotopaxi volcano, one of the highest in the country, was reduced by 31 percent between 1976 and 1997. The Cotopaxi volcano stands in 5,897 meters, and is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Its height is covered by an imposing mass of ice, making it a challenge for fans of extreme sports. The Cotopaxi volcano is considered as a jewel for the ecotourism industry the country.

The Cotopaxi volcano, whose last eruption occurred in 1877, is one of the victims of climate change mainly due to the consumption of fossil fuels and rising gas, producing greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), according to experts . The area of ​​the glacier at Cotopaxi went from 21.2 to 14.6 square kilometers between 1976 and 1997, according to a report by the Institute of Development Research of France and Ecuadorian organizations, such as the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology.

The surface of the glacier even fell to 13.9 square kilometers in 2003, according to preliminary reports. The situation would be more acute in other mountains of Ecuador, so that within 10 to 20 years, the country would lose at least 4 of its 8 major glaciers.