Tag Archives: greenhouse gases

Global Warming Will Accelerate if there is No Agreement on Emissions

 

German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, warned Monday that the process of global warming will accelerate quickly unless world leaders reach an agreement as soon as possible to limit the emission of greenhouse gases.

After the international talks held in Durban, South Africa last December, the participating countries agreed to develop a new agreement by 2015, that would force the largest polluters to reduce emissions. But at that time, some felt that this plan was not ambitious enough to stop global warming.

“Time is of fundamental importance,” Merkel stressed during an international conference in Berlin, where delegates from over 30 countries are preparing the conference of the UN climate to be held in Qatar later this year. The participants are discussing how to prevent temperatures from rising more than two degrees Celsius.

However, the German Minister of Environment questioned on Sunday in an interview with the newspaper “Bild am Sonntag”, the capacity of the country to meet its own objectives in the fight against climate change.

Some of these objectives are to introduce a million electric cars and reduce energy consumption 10 percent by 2020. In early 2012, only 4,541 were in used electric cars, according to the German Federal Authority for Transport with Motor.

 

 

Solaer Group Continues to Expand Abroad

 

Solaer group, an expert in renewable energy continues to expand abroad, but now also has Asturiana collaboration. And, after having built photovoltaic plants in India, Italy, Israel and the USA, as well as connected its first photovoltaic plant in England, they are opening new markets abroad.

This is a 5 MW PV plant, located in Eastcott in the province of Bude, which will be sold to a Danish pension, with funds of about 10 million euros. The production of the photovoltaic plant will be 5,332,220 kw annually, equivalent to the consumption of some 3,000 family dwellings.

Also, it will prevent the emission of carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases, and sulfur dioxide, which responsible for acid rain and nitride oxide.

This unstoppable process of expansion and internationalization by the Solaer group, counts among its suppliers, with two companies.

This strong collaboration with Asturias allowed to give easy access to foreign markets and that the efficient combination of productive factors make this project even more competitive.

Solaer needs to encourage foreign expansion of Asturian firms and appreciates the “drag effect” of their local suppliers, which allows in turn, open new markets, causing a multiplier effect for the Asturian economy.

What is Climate Change?

Climate change is defined as a stable and durable change in the distribution of weather patterns over periods of time ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions or the distribution of events around this average (i.e., more or less extreme weather events). Climate change may be limited to a specific region, such as covering the entire surface.

The term sometimes refers specifically to climate change caused by human activity, unlike climate change caused by natural processes on Earth and the solar system. In this regard, especially in the context of environmental policy, the term “climate change” has become synonymous with “anthropogenic global warming”. In scientific journals, global warming refers to surface temperature increases, while climate change includes global warming and all other aspects that influence an increase in greenhouse gases.

The evidence of climate change is based on observations of increases in air temperature and the oceans, melting ice and glaciers around the world and rising sea levels worldwide.

Indisputable facts: 11 of the last 12 years have been among the warmest years on record since 1850. The average temperature rise over the past 50 years is nearly twice that of the last 100 years. The average global temperature increased 0.74 ° C during the twentieth century.

More CO2 is in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is the main and dominant contributor to current climate change. Its atmospheric concentration has increased from a value of 278 parts per million in preindustrial times to 393 ppm today.

Scientists have determined that global temperature increase should be limited to 2° C to prevent irreversible damage to the planet and the consequent disastrous effects on human society. To get around this irreversible climate change and its effects, greenhouse gas emissions should reach its peak in 2015 and gradually decreasing thereafter to reach a 50% reduction by 2050.

The Crucial Role of China and the U.S.

China and the U.S., the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world.

The Asian giant is the largest coal producer in the world and also the largest emitter of CO2 ( 24% of the total in 2009 ). Last 2009, its greenhouse gases rose by 9% (the U.S. fell 7% in the same year).

Its rapid and strong economic growth in coming years, with consequent emission of greenhouse gases, can jeopardize the efforts of other party states to the Kyoto Protocol to combat climate change.

But China also wants a chance to reach its full industrial development , just as had the United States or the European Union before they began to worry about reducing emissions.

It also requires rich countries as a whole and MTO to reduce their emissions by 2020 at least up to 40% (compared to the levels of 1990).